international12

Inwales

I have now installed the "fitted" inwales around the sheer. These parts are steam bent around the sheer, are notched around the frame heads, and are a real challenge to build this way. They serve the purpose of strengthening the sheer, and indeed joining the frames to one another. When done this way (with notches) it also provides a nice spot to perch when "hiking-out". With the inwales installed, the hull is noticeably stiffer.  

Though the notching was difficult, I think it may be a superior way to make an inwale, because it protects the end grain of the frame heads from the weather. The next step will be the breasthook and quarter knees.

inwale1
frame heads rough cut

frame heads rough cut

notch cut to accept frame head

notch cut to accept frame head

Inwale with notches cut, ready to fit

Inwale with notches cut, ready to fit

inwales3

Framing and finishing

All the frames are bent into place and fastened. There are still a few rivets left to do when I can get a hand from a friend (my poor arms just cannot reach the bilge). I have decided that even framing a small boat like this is a two person job, though possible to do by oneself, I would have to advise against it. Next, I will varnish all the frames and the planking where the station molds were. Then I will move onto the longitudinal parts, which are the thwart riser, sole margin and inwales. 

last.jpg

Still framing

Only two frames left to bend! I have removed all of the construction molds as well. I have figured out a method to steam and fasten frames by myself, which although slower, is less hectic, and breaks fewer frames.


Framing

The floors are in, the planks are pre-finished…it is time for framing. I carefully selected straight grained white oak which was not kiln dried, and was as “green” as possible. I then milled it, sanded it, and knocked down the edges. I then enlisted a few friends and set up the steam box. After an appropriate length of time in the steam box, the white oak becomes pliable and able to take a bend not possible otherwise. Extra hands make this task easier. The frames are attached to the planks with copper rivets.